pyarrow.RecordBatch¶

class pyarrow.RecordBatch¶

Bases: _PandasConvertible

Batch of rows of columns of equal length

Warning

Do not call this class’s constructor directly, use one of the RecordBatch.from_* functions instead.

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> names = ["n_legs", "animals"]

Constructing a RecordBatch from arrays:

>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals], names=names)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
animals: string
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals], names=names).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede

Constructing a RecordBatch from pandas DataFrame:

>>> import pandas as pd
>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'year': [2020, 2022, 2021, 2022],
...                    'month': [3, 5, 7, 9],
...                    'day': [1, 5, 9, 13],
...                    'n_legs': [2, 4, 5, 100],
...                    'animals': ["Flamingo", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"]})
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pandas(df)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
year: int64
month: int64
day: int64
n_legs: int64
animals: string
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pandas(df).to_pandas()
   year  month  day  n_legs        animals
0  2020      3    1       2       Flamingo
1  2022      5    5       4          Horse
2  2021      7    9       5  Brittle stars
3  2022      9   13     100      Centipede

Constructing a RecordBatch from pylist:

>>> pylist = [{'n_legs': 2, 'animals': 'Flamingo'},
...           {'n_legs': 4, 'animals': 'Dog'}]
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pylist(pylist).to_pandas()
   n_legs   animals
0       2  Flamingo
1       4       Dog

You can also construct a RecordBatch using pyarrow.record_batch():

>>> pa.record_batch([n_legs, animals], names=names).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede
>>> pa.record_batch(df)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
year: int64
month: int64
day: int64
n_legs: int64
animals: string
__init__(*args, **kwargs)¶

Methods

__init__(*args, **kwargs)

column(self, i)

Select single column from record batch

drop_null(self)

Remove missing values from a RecordBatch.

equals(self, other, bool check_metadata=False)

Check if contents of two record batches are equal.

field(self, i)

Select a schema field by its column name or numeric index

filter(self, mask[, null_selection_behavior])

Select rows from the record batch.

from_arrays(list arrays[, names, schema, ...])

Construct a RecordBatch from multiple pyarrow.Arrays

from_pandas(type cls, df, Schema schema=None)

Convert pandas.DataFrame to an Arrow RecordBatch

from_pydict(mapping[, schema, metadata])

Construct a RecordBatch from Arrow arrays or columns.

from_pylist(mapping[, schema, metadata])

Construct a RecordBatch from list of rows / dictionaries.

from_struct_array(StructArray struct_array)

Construct a RecordBatch from a StructArray.

get_total_buffer_size(self)

The sum of bytes in each buffer referenced by the record batch

replace_schema_metadata(self[, metadata])

Create shallow copy of record batch by replacing schema key-value metadata with the indicated new metadata (which may be None, which deletes any existing metadata

serialize(self[, memory_pool])

Write RecordBatch to Buffer as encapsulated IPC message.

slice(self[, offset, length])

Compute zero-copy slice of this RecordBatch

take(self, indices)

Select rows from the record batch.

to_pandas(self[, memory_pool, categories, ...])

Convert to a pandas-compatible NumPy array or DataFrame, as appropriate

to_pydict(self)

Convert the RecordBatch to a dict or OrderedDict.

to_pylist(self)

Convert the RecordBatch to a list of rows / dictionaries.

to_string(self[, show_metadata])

validate(self, *[, full])

Perform validation checks.

Attributes

columns

List of all columns in numerical order

nbytes

Total number of bytes consumed by the elements of the record batch.

num_columns

Number of columns

num_rows

Number of rows

schema

Schema of the RecordBatch and its columns

column(self, i)¶

Select single column from record batch

Parameters:
iint or str

The index or name of the column to retrieve.

Returns:
columnpyarrow.Array

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.column(1)
<pyarrow.lib.StringArray object at ...>
[
  "Flamingo",
  "Parrot",
  "Dog",
  "Horse",
  "Brittle stars",
  "Centipede"
]
columns¶

List of all columns in numerical order

Returns:
list of pyarrow.Array

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.columns
[<pyarrow.lib.Int64Array object at ...>
[
  2,
  2,
  4,
  4,
  5,
  100
], <pyarrow.lib.StringArray object at ...>
[
  "Flamingo",
  "Parrot",
  "Dog",
  "Horse",
  "Brittle stars",
  "Centipede"
]]
drop_null(self)¶

Remove missing values from a RecordBatch. See pyarrow.compute.drop_null() for full usage.

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", None, "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.to_pandas()
   n_legs    animals
0       2   Flamingo
1       2     Parrot
2       4        Dog
3       4      Horse
4       5       None
5     100  Centipede
>>> batch.drop_null().to_pandas()
   n_legs    animals
0       2   Flamingo
1       2     Parrot
2       4        Dog
3       4      Horse
4     100  Centipede
equals(self, other, bool check_metadata=False)¶

Check if contents of two record batches are equal.

Parameters:
otherpyarrow.RecordBatch

RecordBatch to compare against.

check_metadatabool, default False

Whether schema metadata equality should be checked as well.

Returns:
are_equalbool

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch_0 = pa.record_batch([])
>>> batch_1 = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                       names=["n_legs", "animals"],
...                                       metadata={"n_legs": "Number of legs per animal"})
>>> batch.equals(batch)
True
>>> batch.equals(batch_0)
False
>>> batch.equals(batch_1)
True
>>> batch.equals(batch_1, check_metadata=True)
False
field(self, i)¶

Select a schema field by its column name or numeric index

Parameters:
iint or str

The index or name of the field to retrieve

Returns:
pyarrow.Field

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.field(0)
pyarrow.Field<n_legs: int64>
>>> batch.field(1)
pyarrow.Field<animals: string>
filter(self, mask, null_selection_behavior='drop')¶

Select rows from the record batch.

See pyarrow.compute.filter() for full usage.

Parameters:
maskArray or array-like

The boolean mask to filter the record batch with.

null_selection_behavior

How nulls in the mask should be handled.

Returns:
filteredRecordBatch

A record batch of the same schema, with only the rows selected by the boolean mask.

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede

Define a mask and select rows:

>>> mask=[True, True, False, True, False, None]
>>> batch.filter(mask).to_pandas()
   n_legs   animals
0       2  Flamingo
1       2    Parrot
2       4     Horse
>>> batch.filter(mask, null_selection_behavior='emit_null').to_pandas()
   n_legs   animals
0     2.0  Flamingo
1     2.0    Parrot
2     4.0     Horse
3     NaN      None
static from_arrays(list arrays, names=None, schema=None, metadata=None)¶

Construct a RecordBatch from multiple pyarrow.Arrays

Parameters:
arrayslist of pyarrow.Array

One for each field in RecordBatch

nameslist of str, optional

Names for the batch fields. If not passed, schema must be passed

schemaSchema, default None

Schema for the created batch. If not passed, names must be passed

metadatadict or Mapping, default None

Optional metadata for the schema (if inferred).

Returns:
pyarrow.RecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> names = ["n_legs", "animals"]

Construct a RecordBartch from pyarrow Arrays using names:

>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals], names=names)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
animals: string
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals], names=names).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede

Construct a RecordBartch from pyarrow Arrays using schema:

>>> my_schema = pa.schema([
...     pa.field('n_legs', pa.int64()),
...     pa.field('animals', pa.string())],
...     metadata={"n_legs": "Number of legs per animal"})
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals], schema=my_schema).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals], schema=my_schema).schema
n_legs: int64
animals: string
-- schema metadata --
n_legs: 'Number of legs per animal'
from_pandas(type cls, df, Schema schema=None, preserve_index=None, nthreads=None, columns=None)¶

Convert pandas.DataFrame to an Arrow RecordBatch

Parameters:
dfpandas.DataFrame
schemapyarrow.Schema, optional

The expected schema of the RecordBatch. This can be used to indicate the type of columns if we cannot infer it automatically. If passed, the output will have exactly this schema. Columns specified in the schema that are not found in the DataFrame columns or its index will raise an error. Additional columns or index levels in the DataFrame which are not specified in the schema will be ignored.

preserve_indexbool, optional

Whether to store the index as an additional column in the resulting RecordBatch. The default of None will store the index as a column, except for RangeIndex which is stored as metadata only. Use preserve_index=True to force it to be stored as a column.

nthreadsint, default None

If greater than 1, convert columns to Arrow in parallel using indicated number of threads. By default, this follows pyarrow.cpu_count() (may use up to system CPU count threads).

columnslist, optional

List of column to be converted. If None, use all columns.

Returns:
pyarrow.RecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pandas as pd
>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'year': [2020, 2022, 2021, 2022],
...                    'month': [3, 5, 7, 9],
...                    'day': [1, 5, 9, 13],
...                    'n_legs': [2, 4, 5, 100],
...                    'animals': ["Flamingo", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"]})

Convert pandas DataFrame to RecordBatch:

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pandas(df)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
year: int64
month: int64
day: int64
n_legs: int64
animals: string

Convert pandas DataFrame to RecordBatch using schema:

>>> my_schema = pa.schema([
...     pa.field('n_legs', pa.int64()),
...     pa.field('animals', pa.string())],
...     metadata={"n_legs": "Number of legs per animal"})
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pandas(df, schema=my_schema)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
animals: string

Convert pandas DataFrame to RecordBatch specifying columns:

>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pandas(df, columns=["n_legs"])
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
static from_pydict(mapping, schema=None, metadata=None)¶

Construct a RecordBatch from Arrow arrays or columns.

Parameters:
mappingdict or Mapping

A mapping of strings to Arrays or Python lists.

schemaSchema, default None

If not passed, will be inferred from the Mapping values.

metadatadict or Mapping, default None

Optional metadata for the schema (if inferred).

Returns:
RecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = [2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100]
>>> animals = ["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"]
>>> pydict = {'n_legs': n_legs, 'animals': animals}

Construct a RecordBatch from arrays:

>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pydict(pydict)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
animals: string
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pydict(pydict).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede

Construct a RecordBatch with schema:

>>> my_schema = pa.schema([
...     pa.field('n_legs', pa.int64()),
...     pa.field('animals', pa.string())],
...     metadata={"n_legs": "Number of legs per animal"})
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pydict(pydict, schema=my_schema).schema
n_legs: int64
animals: string
-- schema metadata --
n_legs: 'Number of legs per animal'
static from_pylist(mapping, schema=None, metadata=None)¶

Construct a RecordBatch from list of rows / dictionaries.

Parameters:
mappinglist of dicts of rows

A mapping of strings to row values.

schemaSchema, default None

If not passed, will be inferred from the first row of the mapping values.

metadatadict or Mapping, default None

Optional metadata for the schema (if inferred).

Returns:
RecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> pylist = [{'n_legs': 2, 'animals': 'Flamingo'},
...           {'n_legs': 4, 'animals': 'Dog'}]
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pylist(pylist)
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
animals: string
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pylist(pylist).to_pandas()
   n_legs   animals
0       2  Flamingo
1       4       Dog

Construct a RecordBatch with metadata:

>>> my_metadata={"n_legs": "Number of legs per animal"}
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_pylist(pylist, metadata=my_metadata).schema
n_legs: int64
animals: string
-- schema metadata --
n_legs: 'Number of legs per animal'
static from_struct_array(StructArray struct_array)¶

Construct a RecordBatch from a StructArray.

Each field in the StructArray will become a column in the resulting RecordBatch.

Parameters:
struct_arrayStructArray

Array to construct the record batch from.

Returns:
pyarrow.RecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> struct = pa.array([{'n_legs': 2, 'animals': 'Parrot'},
...                    {'year': 2022, 'n_legs': 4}])
>>> pa.RecordBatch.from_struct_array(struct).to_pandas()
  animals  n_legs    year
0  Parrot       2     NaN
1    None       4  2022.0
get_total_buffer_size(self)¶

The sum of bytes in each buffer referenced by the record batch

An array may only reference a portion of a buffer. This method will overestimate in this case and return the byte size of the entire buffer.

If a buffer is referenced multiple times then it will only be counted once.

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.get_total_buffer_size()
120
nbytes¶

Total number of bytes consumed by the elements of the record batch.

In other words, the sum of bytes from all buffer ranges referenced.

Unlike get_total_buffer_size this method will account for array offsets.

If buffers are shared between arrays then the shared portion will only be counted multiple times.

The dictionary of dictionary arrays will always be counted in their entirety even if the array only references a portion of the dictionary.

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.nbytes
116
num_columns¶

Number of columns

Returns:
int

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.num_columns
2
num_rows¶

Number of rows

Due to the definition of a RecordBatch, all columns have the same number of rows.

Returns:
int

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.num_rows
6
replace_schema_metadata(self, metadata=None)¶

Create shallow copy of record batch by replacing schema key-value metadata with the indicated new metadata (which may be None, which deletes any existing metadata

Parameters:
metadatadict, default None
Returns:
shallow_copyRecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])

Constructing a RecordBatch with schema and metadata:

>>> my_schema = pa.schema([
...     pa.field('n_legs', pa.int64())],
...     metadata={"n_legs": "Number of legs per animal"})
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs], schema=my_schema)
>>> batch.schema
n_legs: int64
-- schema metadata --
n_legs: 'Number of legs per animal'

Shallow copy of a RecordBatch with deleted schema metadata:

>>> batch.replace_schema_metadata().schema
n_legs: int64
schema¶

Schema of the RecordBatch and its columns

Returns:
pyarrow.Schema

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.schema
n_legs: int64
animals: string
serialize(self, memory_pool=None)¶

Write RecordBatch to Buffer as encapsulated IPC message.

Parameters:
memory_poolMemoryPool, default None

Uses default memory pool if not specified

Returns:
serializedBuffer

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.serialize()
<pyarrow.lib.Buffer object at ...>
slice(self, offset=0, length=None)¶

Compute zero-copy slice of this RecordBatch

Parameters:
offsetint, default 0

Offset from start of record batch to slice

lengthint, default None

Length of slice (default is until end of batch starting from offset)

Returns:
slicedRecordBatch

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       2         Parrot
2       4            Dog
3       4          Horse
4       5  Brittle stars
5     100      Centipede
>>> batch.slice(offset=3).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       4          Horse
1       5  Brittle stars
2     100      Centipede
>>> batch.slice(length=2).to_pandas()
   n_legs   animals
0       2  Flamingo
1       2    Parrot
>>> batch.slice(offset=3, length=1).to_pandas()
   n_legs animals
0       4   Horse
take(self, indices)¶

Select rows from the record batch.

See pyarrow.compute.take() for full usage.

Parameters:
indicesArray or array-like

The indices in the record batch whose rows will be returned.

Returns:
takenRecordBatch

A record batch with the same schema, containing the taken rows.

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.take([1,3,4]).to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2         Parrot
1       4          Horse
2       5  Brittle stars
to_pandas(self, memory_pool=None, categories=None, bool strings_to_categorical=False, bool zero_copy_only=False, bool integer_object_nulls=False, bool date_as_object=True, bool timestamp_as_object=False, bool use_threads=True, bool deduplicate_objects=True, bool ignore_metadata=False, bool safe=True, bool split_blocks=False, bool self_destruct=False, types_mapper=None)¶

Convert to a pandas-compatible NumPy array or DataFrame, as appropriate

Parameters:
memory_poolMemoryPool, default None

Arrow MemoryPool to use for allocations. Uses the default memory pool is not passed.

strings_to_categoricalbool, default False

Encode string (UTF8) and binary types to pandas.Categorical.

categorieslist, default empty

List of fields that should be returned as pandas.Categorical. Only applies to table-like data structures.

zero_copy_onlybool, default False

Raise an ArrowException if this function call would require copying the underlying data.

integer_object_nullsbool, default False

Cast integers with nulls to objects

date_as_objectbool, default True

Cast dates to objects. If False, convert to datetime64[ns] dtype.

timestamp_as_objectbool, default False

Cast non-nanosecond timestamps (np.datetime64) to objects. This is useful if you have timestamps that don’t fit in the normal date range of nanosecond timestamps (1678 CE-2262 CE). If False, all timestamps are converted to datetime64[ns] dtype.

use_threadsbool, default True

Whether to parallelize the conversion using multiple threads.

deduplicate_objectsbool, default False

Do not create multiple copies Python objects when created, to save on memory use. Conversion will be slower.

ignore_metadatabool, default False

If True, do not use the ‚Äėpandas‚Äô metadata to reconstruct the DataFrame index, if present

safebool, default True

For certain data types, a cast is needed in order to store the data in a pandas DataFrame or Series (e.g. timestamps are always stored as nanoseconds in pandas). This option controls whether it is a safe cast or not.

split_blocksbool, default False

If True, generate one internal ‚Äúblock‚ÄĚ for each column when creating a pandas.DataFrame from a RecordBatch or Table. While this can temporarily reduce memory note that various pandas operations can trigger ‚Äúconsolidation‚ÄĚ which may balloon memory use.

self_destructbool, default False

EXPERIMENTAL: If True, attempt to deallocate the originating Arrow memory while converting the Arrow object to pandas. If you use the object after calling to_pandas with this option it will crash your program.

Note that you may not see always memory usage improvements. For example, if multiple columns share an underlying allocation, memory can’t be freed until all columns are converted.

types_mapperfunction, default None

A function mapping a pyarrow DataType to a pandas ExtensionDtype. This can be used to override the default pandas type for conversion of built-in pyarrow types or in absence of pandas_metadata in the Table schema. The function receives a pyarrow DataType and is expected to return a pandas ExtensionDtype or None if the default conversion should be used for that type. If you have a dictionary mapping, you can pass dict.get as function.

Returns:
pandas.Series or pandas.DataFrame depending on type of object

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> import pandas as pd

Convert a Table to pandas DataFrame:

>>> table = pa.table([
...    pa.array([2, 4, 5, 100]),
...    pa.array(["Flamingo", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
...    ], names=['n_legs', 'animals'])
>>> table.to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       4          Horse
2       5  Brittle stars
3     100      Centipede
>>> isinstance(table.to_pandas(), pd.DataFrame)
True

Convert a RecordBatch to pandas DataFrame:

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.record_batch([n_legs, animals],
...                         names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch
pyarrow.RecordBatch
n_legs: int64
animals: string
>>> batch.to_pandas()
   n_legs        animals
0       2       Flamingo
1       4          Horse
2       5  Brittle stars
3     100      Centipede
>>> isinstance(batch.to_pandas(), pd.DataFrame)
True

Convert a Chunked Array to pandas Series:

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.chunked_array([[2, 2, 4], [4, 5, 100]])
>>> n_legs.to_pandas()
0      2
1      2
2      4
3      4
4      5
5    100
dtype: int64
>>> isinstance(n_legs.to_pandas(), pd.Series)
True
to_pydict(self)¶

Convert the RecordBatch to a dict or OrderedDict.

Returns:
dict

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.to_pydict()
{'n_legs': [2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100], 'animals': ['Flamingo', 'Parrot', ..., 'Centipede']}
to_pylist(self)¶

Convert the RecordBatch to a list of rows / dictionaries.

Returns:
list

Examples

>>> import pyarrow as pa
>>> n_legs = pa.array([2, 2, 4, 4, 5, 100])
>>> animals = pa.array(["Flamingo", "Parrot", "Dog", "Horse", "Brittle stars", "Centipede"])
>>> batch = pa.RecordBatch.from_arrays([n_legs, animals],
...                                     names=["n_legs", "animals"])
>>> batch.to_pylist()
[{'n_legs': 2, 'animals': 'Flamingo'}, {'n_legs': 2, ...}, {'n_legs': 100, 'animals': 'Centipede'}]
to_string(self, show_metadata=False)¶
validate(self, *, full=False)¶

Perform validation checks. An exception is raised if validation fails.

By default only cheap validation checks are run. Pass full=True for thorough validation checks (potentially O(n)).

Parameters:
fullbool, default False

If True, run expensive checks, otherwise cheap checks only.

Raises:
ArrowInvalid