Fuzzing Arrow C++¶
To make the handling of invalid input more robust, we have enabled fuzz testing on several parts of the Arrow C++ feature set, currently:
the IPC stream format
the IPC file format
the Parquet file format
We welcome any contribution to expand the scope of fuzz testing and cover areas ingesting potentially invalid or malicious data.
Fuzz Targets and Utilities¶
By passing the
-DARROW_FUZZING=ON CMake option, you will build
the fuzz targets corresponding to the aforementioned Arrow features, as well
as additional related utilities.
Generating the seed corpus¶
Fuzzing essentially explores the domain space by randomly mutating previously tested inputs, without having any high-level understanding of the area being fuzz-tested. However, the domain space is so huge that this strategy alone may fail to actually produce any “interesting” inputs.
To guide the process, it is therefore important to provide a seed corpus
of valid (or invalid, but remarkable) inputs from which the fuzzing
infrastructure can derive new inputs for testing. A script is provided
to automate that task. Assuming the fuzzing executables can be found in
build/debug, the seed corpus can be generated thusly:
$ ./build-support/fuzzing/generate_corpuses.sh build/debug
Continuous fuzzing infrastructure¶
The process of fuzz testing is computationally intensive and therefore benefits from dedicated computing facilities. Arrow C++ is exercised by the OSS-Fuzz continuous fuzzing infrastructure operated by Google.
When a crash is found by fuzzing, it is often useful to download the data used to produce the crash, and use it to reproduce the crash so as to debug and investigate.
Assuming you are in a subdirectory inside
cpp, the following command
would allow you to build the fuzz targets with debug information and the
various sanitizer checks enabled.
$ cmake .. -GNinja \ -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug \ -DARROW_USE_ASAN=on \ -DARROW_USE_UBSAN=on \ -DARROW_FUZZING=on
Then, assuming you have downloaded the crashing data file (let’s call it
testcase-arrow-ipc-file-fuzz-123465), you can reproduce the crash
by running the affected fuzz target on that file:
$ build/debug/arrow-ipc-file-fuzz testcase-arrow-ipc-file-fuzz-123465
(you may want to run that command under a debugger so as to inspect the program state more closely)