C Data Interface¶

Arrow supports exchanging data without copying or serialization within the same process through the The Arrow C data interface, even between different language runtimes.

Java to Python¶

See Integrating PyArrow with Java to implement Java to Python communication using the C Data Interface.

Java to C++¶

Example: Share an Int64 array from C++ to Java:

C++ Side

See Building Arrow C++ to build the Arrow C++ libraries:

$ git clone https://github.com/apache/arrow.git
$ cd arrow/cpp
$ mkdir build   # from inside the `cpp` subdirectory
$ cd build
$ cmake .. --preset ninja-debug-minimal
$ cmake --build .
$ tree debug/
debug/
├── libarrow.800.0.0.dylib
├── libarrow.800.dylib -> libarrow.800.0.0.dylib
└── libarrow.dylib -> libarrow.800.dylib

Implement a function in CDataCppBridge.h that exports an array via the C Data Interface:

#include <iostream>
#include <arrow/api.h>
#include <arrow/c/bridge.h>

void FillInt64Array(const uintptr_t c_schema_ptr, const uintptr_t c_array_ptr) {
    arrow::Int64Builder builder;
    builder.Append(1);
    builder.Append(2);
    builder.Append(3);
    builder.AppendNull();
    builder.Append(5);
    builder.Append(6);
    builder.Append(7);
    builder.Append(8);
    builder.Append(9);
    builder.Append(10);
    std::shared_ptr<arrow::Array> array = *builder.Finish();

    struct ArrowSchema* c_schema = reinterpret_cast<struct ArrowSchema*>(c_schema_ptr);
    auto c_schema_status = arrow::ExportType(*array->type(), c_schema);
    if (!c_schema_status.ok()) c_schema_status.Abort();

    struct ArrowArray* c_array = reinterpret_cast<struct ArrowArray*>(c_array_ptr);
    auto c_array_status = arrow::ExportArray(*array, c_array);
    if (!c_array_status.ok()) c_array_status.Abort();
}

Java Side

For this example, we will use JavaCPP to call our C++ function from Java, without writing JNI bindings ourselves.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>org.example</groupId>
    <artifactId>java-cdata-example</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>8</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>8</maven.compiler.target>
        <arrow.version>8.0.0</arrow.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.bytedeco</groupId>
            <artifactId>javacpp</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.7</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.arrow</groupId>
            <artifactId>arrow-c-data</artifactId>
            <version>${arrow.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.arrow</groupId>
            <artifactId>arrow-vector</artifactId>
            <version>${arrow.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.arrow</groupId>
            <artifactId>arrow-memory-core</artifactId>
            <version>${arrow.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.arrow</groupId>
            <artifactId>arrow-memory-netty</artifactId>
            <version>${arrow.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.arrow</groupId>
            <artifactId>arrow-format</artifactId>
            <version>${arrow.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>
import org.bytedeco.javacpp.annotation.Platform;
import org.bytedeco.javacpp.annotation.Properties;
import org.bytedeco.javacpp.tools.InfoMap;
import org.bytedeco.javacpp.tools.InfoMapper;

@Properties(
        target = "CDataJavaToCppExample",
        value = @Platform(
                include = {
                        "CDataCppBridge.h"
                },
                compiler = {"cpp11"},
                linkpath = {"/arrow/cpp/build/debug/"},
                link = {"arrow"}
        )
)
public class CDataJavaConfig implements InfoMapper {

    @Override
    public void map(InfoMap infoMap) {
    }
}
# Compile our Java code
$ javac -cp javacpp-1.5.7.jar CDataJavaConfig.java

# Generate CDataInterfaceLibrary
$ java -jar javacpp-1.5.7.jar CDataJavaConfig.java

# Generate libjniCDataInterfaceLibrary.dylib
$ java -jar javacpp-1.5.7.jar CDataJavaToCppExample.java

# Validate libjniCDataInterfaceLibrary.dylib created
$ otool -L macosx-x86_64/libjniCDataJavaToCppExample.dylib
macosx-x86_64/libjniCDataJavaToCppExample.dylib:
    libjniCDataJavaToCppExample.dylib (compatibility version 0.0.0, current version 0.0.0)
    @rpath/libarrow.800.dylib (compatibility version 800.0.0, current version 800.0.0)
    /usr/lib/libc++.1.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 1200.3.0)
    /usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 1311.0.0)

Java Test

Let’s create a Java class to test our bridge:

import org.apache.arrow.c.ArrowArray;
import org.apache.arrow.c.ArrowSchema;
import org.apache.arrow.c.Data;
import org.apache.arrow.memory.BufferAllocator;
import org.apache.arrow.memory.RootAllocator;
import org.apache.arrow.vector.BigIntVector;

public class TestCDataInterface {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try(
            BufferAllocator allocator = new RootAllocator();
            ArrowSchema arrowSchema = ArrowSchema.allocateNew(allocator);
            ArrowArray arrowArray = ArrowArray.allocateNew(allocator)
        ){
            CDataJavaToCppExample.FillInt64Array(
                    arrowSchema.memoryAddress(), arrowArray.memoryAddress());
            try(
                BigIntVector bigIntVector = (BigIntVector) Data.importVector(
                        allocator, arrowArray, arrowSchema, null)
            ){
                System.out.println("C++-allocated array: " + bigIntVector);
            }
        }
    }
}
C++-allocated array: [1, 2, 3, null, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]