Using DataFusion as a library

Create a new project

cargo new hello_datafusion
$ cd hello_datafusion
$ tree .
.
├── Cargo.toml
└── src
    └── main.rs

1 directory, 2 files

Default Configuration

DataFusion is published on crates.io, and is well documented on docs.rs.

To get started, add the following to your Cargo.toml file:

[dependencies]
datafusion = "11.0"

Create a main function

Update the main.rs file with your first datafusion application based on Example usage

use datafusion::prelude::*;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> datafusion::error::Result<()> {
  // register the table
  let ctx = SessionContext::new();
  ctx.register_csv("test", "<PATH_TO_YOUR_CSV_FILE>", CsvReadOptions::new()).await?;

  // create a plan to run a SQL query
  let df = ctx.sql("SELECT * FROM test").await?;

  // execute and print results
  df.show().await?;
  Ok(())
}

Extensibility

DataFusion is designed to be extensible at all points. To that end, you can provide your own custom:

  • User Defined Functions (UDFs)

  • User Defined Aggregate Functions (UDAFs)

  • User Defined Table Source (TableProvider) for tables

  • User Defined Optimizer passes (plan rewrites)

  • User Defined LogicalPlan nodes

  • User Defined ExecutionPlan nodes

Rust Version Compatibility

This crate is tested with the latest stable version of Rust. We do not currently test against other, older versions of the Rust compiler.

Optimized Configuration

For an optimized build several steps are required. First, use the below in your Cargo.toml. It is worth noting that using the settings in the [profile.release] section will significantly increase the build time.

[dependencies]
datafusion = { version = "11.0" , features = ["simd"]}
tokio = { version = "^1.0", features = ["rt-multi-thread"] }
snmalloc-rs = "0.2"

[profile.release]
lto = true
codegen-units = 1

Then, in main.rs. update the memory allocator with the below after your imports:

use datafusion::prelude::*;

#[global_allocator]
static ALLOC: snmalloc_rs::SnMalloc = snmalloc_rs::SnMalloc;

async fn main() -> datafusion::error::Result<()> {
  Ok(())
}

Finally, in order to build with the simd optimization cargo nightly is required.

rustup toolchain install nightly

Based on the instruction set architecture you are building on you will want to configure the target-cpu as well, ideally with native or at least avx2.

RUSTFLAGS='-C target-cpu=native' cargo +nightly run --release